6G Mobile Network
A new mobile generation appears every 10 years, and thus 6G will emerge around 2030 to satisfy all the expectations not met with 5G. To enable very high data rates and capacities, 5G pushes cellular radios up into the multi-gigahertz frequencies. 6G will bring revolution in the world of technology by offering high speed Internet access on air through wireless and mobile devices up to at least 11 Gbps.
Artificial Intelligence Machine Learning
Machine learning is a field of computer science that often uses statistical techniques to give computers the ability to "learn" with data, without being explicitly programmed. Deep Learning is the most famous algorithm of machine learning. Now deep learning works well in many applications such as pattern recognition, predictive analysis and so on. In the Future, deep learning will be built for artificial general intelligence that can learn by itself to do anything.
Quantum computing is computing using quantum-mechanical phenomena, such as superposition and entanglement. Quantum computers are considered to be part of the next generation in revolutionary technology. Quantum computers operate on completely different principles to existing computers, which makes them really well suited to solving particular mathematical problems. That means that quantum computing is ideal for studying biological systems, doing cryptography or data mining – in fact, solving any problem with many variables.
One of the most attractive features of the blockchain technology is its security mechanism based. It allows a ledger of transactions to be distributed between a large networks of computers. No single user can break into and change the ledger. This makes it both public and secure. As it today, blockchain is limited in its ability to scale. Quantum computing will enhance the scalability of blockchain deployment in industry.
The current VA is a software agent that perform tasks or services for human mainly by voice interaction. In the future, it will be ambient intelligence in everywhere. It will integrate multi-biometrics tech and data context to predict user’s consideration and behavior, even as interact with multi-users at the same field.
Smart Eyeglasses for AR/VR
Smart Eyeglasses is a head-mounted display device that resembles traditional glasses and can be used to provide AR and VR functionality. Unlike current AR/VR helmets, future smart eyeglasses will be like artificial iris. It will extend to medical field such as glucose monitoring to help doctor medical insight and create bio-use commercialization in the future. It requires new materials, stretchable interconnects, and energy harvesting or a micro battery.
3D printing, also known as AM (Additive Manufacturing), uses computer-aided design to build objects layer by layer. This contrasts with traditional manufacturing, which cuts, drills, and grinds away unwanted excess from a solid piece of material. New equipment, technologies, and materials in AM are driving down the costs of building parts, modules, and products in industries such as aerospace, medicine, automotive, consumer products, and more.
Powered exoskeleton is a wearable mobile machine that is powered by a system of electric motors, pneumatics, levers, hydraulics, or a combination of technologies that allow for limb movement with increased strength and endurance.
Industrial Robot is a multi-joint robot or multi-degree-of-freedom robot. Electro-mechanical machines or virtual agents that automate, augment or assist human activities, autonomously or according to set instructions – often a computer program. Modern industrial robots can also act according to the principle set out by artificial intelligence technology.
Service Robot is a mechanical device that has sensory, reactive, and reflective functional elements that are self-aware, responsive, and cognitive, to fully assist or coordinate with human actions.
A medical robot is a robot used in the medical sciences. There are a wide range of medical robotics in healthcare. They include, but are not limited to, surgical robot, robotic nurse, robotic assistant (care robot), medical exoskeleton, disinfectant robot, self-assembling origami robot, pharmabotics, and companion robot.
An autonomous vehicle is a vehicle that is capable of sensing its environment and navigating without human input. Autonomous vehicle combine a variety of techniques to perceive their surroundings, including radar, laser light, GPS, odometry and computer vision. Advanced control systems interpret sensory information to identify appropriate navigation paths, as well as obstacles and relevant signage.
New Energy Vehicles
New Energy Vehicles (NEVs) refer to those vehicles with new-type power systems, completely or mainly driven by new energy sources. These include plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs, extended-range electric vehicles included), battery electric vehicles (BEVs), and fuel cell electric vehicles (FCVs).
Carbon Capture and Storage
Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) is a technology that can capture up to 90% of the carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions produced from the use of fossil fuels in electricity generation and industrial processes, preventing the carbon dioxide from entering the atmosphere. The CCS chain consists of three parts; capturing the carbon dioxide, transporting the carbon dioxide, and securely storing the carbon dioxide emissions, underground in depleted oil and gas fields, deep saline aquifer formations, or an underground geological formation.
Zero energy Building
A zero energy building (ZBE) produces enough renewable energy to meet its own annual energy consumption requirements, thereby reducing the use of non-renewable energy in the building sector. ZEBs use all cost-effective measures to reduce energy usage through energy efficiency and include renewable energy systems that produce enough energy to meet remaining energy needs. Reducing building energy consumption in new building construction or renovation can be accomplished through various means, including integrated design, energy efficiency retrofits, reduced plug loads and energy conservation programs.
Grid Energy Storage
Grid energy storage systems is a collection of methods used to store electrical energy on a large scale within an electrical power grid, that provide power to the electric grid for durations of 10 to approximately 100 hours. Those energy systems should provide low-cost energy capacity (for a fixed $0.03/kWh-cycle across all hours of storage), with a nominal round trip efficiency >50%, preferably higher.
A fuel cell is a device that produces electricity through a chemical reaction between a source fuel and an oxidant. The source fuel could be almost anything that can be oxidized, including hydrogen, methane, propane, methanol, diesel fuel or gasoline. The only byproducts are water and a small amount of nitrous oxide if air is used as the oxidizer.
Bioenergy is a renewable energy source created from natural, biological sources. Many natural sources, such as plants, animals, and their byproducts, can be valuable resources.
Marine energy or marine power refers to the energy carried by ocean waves, current, tides, salinity, and ocean temperature differences. Wave energy harnesses the kinetic energy in the up-and-down movement (waves) of water in the ocean. Current energy is energy obtained from harnessing of the kinetic energy of marine currents. Tidal energy is the tidal stream technologies that capture the kinetic energy of the currents flowing in and out of the tidal areas.
The upwind three-bladed horizontal axis wind turbine has become nearly the only option for the utility-scale wind energy industry, and MW rating continues to grow in the offshore sector, as larger turbines provide a substantial balance of plant savings. Offshore wind power or offshore wind energy is the use of wind farms constructed in bodies of water, usually in the ocean on the continental shelf. Higher wind speeds are available offshore compared to on land, so offshore wind power’s electricity generation is higher per amount of capacity installed.
Renewable and Biodegradable Plastics Materials
Biodegradable plastic made from renewable resources is an important material innovation because it reduces both the dependence on fossil fuel and as well as the amount of waste material, while still yielding a product that provides similar benefits of traditional plastics.
Graphene, a one-atom thick, two-dimensional sheets of sp2-hybridized carbon atoms packed in a hexagonal lattice with a Caron-Carbon distance of about 0.142 nm. The unique nano-scale plane structure and geometry of monolayer graphene contribute its super properties. The remarkable properties of graphene provide infinite possibilities for various applications in many areas such as electronics, energy storage and conversion, biotechnology and in composite materials.
Nanomaterials are structures with characteristic dimensions between 1 and 100nm that exhibit a variety of unique and tunable chemical and physical properties that have engineered nanoparticles central components in an array of emerging technologies.
CO2 utilization transforming it from a liability to a resource. Novel catalysts or enzymes can potentially transform CO2 to high value hydrocarbons and other carbon-containing molecules, which could be used as new building blocks for the chemical industry as cleaner and more sustainable alternatives to petrochemicals.
Solid-state lithium-ion battery has attracted great attention due to its high safety and increased energy density. One of key components in the solid-state lithium-ion battery (SSLB) is solid electrolyte that determines performance of the SSLB. Many types of solid electrolytes have been investigated in great detail in the past years, including oxide-based electrolytes, sulfide based electrolytes, LiBH4 based electrolytes and many more.
Nano biosensors are nanotechnology-based sensing devices, which could be used for in vitro or in vivo monitoring for medical and healthcare application, the advantages of Nano biosensors are rapidity, accuracy, and high sensitivity. In addition to being used as a medical detection tool, they can also be used in epidemic prevention, environmental testing, and food safety.
3D bio-printing is the utilization of 3D printing and 3D printing–like techniques to combine cells, growth factors, and biomaterials to fabricate biomedical parts that maximally imitate natural tissue characteristics. 3D bio-printing utilizes the layer-by-layer method to deposit materials known as Bio-inks to create tissue-like structures that are later used in medical and tissue engineering fields.
Gene therapy is an experimental technique that uses genes to treat or prevent disease. In the future, this technique may allow doctors to treat a disorder by inserting a gene into a patient’s cells instead of using drugs or surgery. Gene therapy is a promising treatment option for a number of diseases, which including inherited disorders, some types of cancer, and certain viral infections. Gene therapy remains risky and is still under study to make sure that it will be safe and effective. Gene therapy is currently being tested only for diseases that have no other cures.
Cell therapy is the use of viable cells and tissues for the treatment of disease. Modern cell-based therapies include regenerative medicine, which is the process of replacing or regenerating human cells, tissues or organs to restore or establish normal function. For example, T cells capable of fighting cancer cells via cell-mediated immunity may be injected in the course of immunotherapy. The origin of the cells can be from the same individual (autologous source) or from another individual (allogeneic source). Cells can be derived from stem cells, such as bone marrow or induced pluripotent stem cells, reprogrammed from skin fibroblasts or adipocytes.
Personalized medicine, also termed precision medicine, is a form of medicine that uses information about a person's genes, proteins, and environment to prevent, diagnose, and treat disease. In other words, personalized medicine is the tailoring of medical treatment to the individual characteristics of each patient. The approach relies on scientific breakthroughs in our understanding of how a person’s unique molecular and genetic profile making them susceptible to certain diseases. This same research is increasing our ability to predict which medical treatments will be safe and effective for each patient, and which ones will not be.